Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure used to restart a person’s heart and breathing when it has stopped suddenly. It is a lifesaving technique, and everyone should know how to give it. It is especially important to know how to provide CPR to an infant under 12 months old, as their bodies are more fragile than an adult’s and the correct technique is slightly different.
Identifying an Infant
The first step in providing CPR to an infant is to identify if the infant is in need of CPR. An infant under 12 months old is in need of CPR if they are unresponsive, not breathing or gasping, or if their heart rate is too slow or too fast. If any of these signs are present, then CPR should be started.
Providing CPR to an Infant
When providing CPR to an infant, the technique is slightly different than for an adult. The steps for providing CPR to an infant are as follows:
Place the infant on a firm surface, such as the floor or a table.
Place two fingers in the center of the infant’s chest and press down about one and a half inches.
Give 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100-120 per minute.
Give two breaths after the 30 chest compressions, using a resuscitation bag and mask.
Continue this cycle of 30 chest compressions and two breaths until help arrives or the infant begins to breathe on their own.
It is important to note that CPR should not be performed on an infant if their heart rate is normal. If the infant is breathing normally, then they do not need CPR and should be taken to a doctor as soon as possible.
CPR is a lifesaving technique and it is important to know how to provide it correctly. Knowing the correct technique for providing CPR to an infant under 12 months old is essential to ensure that an infant is given the best chance of survival in an emergency situation.